Major Effect of Hydrogen Peroxide on Bacterioplankton Metabolism in the Northeast Atlantic

Author(s)
F. Baltar, T. Reinthaler, G.J. Herndl, J. Pinhassi
Abstract

Reactive oxygen species such as hydrogen peroxide have the potential to alter metabolic rates of marine prokaryotes, ultimately impacting the cycling and bioavailability of nutrients and carbon. We studied the influence of HO on prokaryotic heterotrophic production (PHP) and extracellular enzymatic activities (i.e., ╬▓-glucosidase [BGase], leucine aminopeptidase [LAPase] and alkaline phosphatase [APase]) in the subtropical Atlantic. With increasing concentrations of HO in the range of 100-1000 nM, LAPase, APase and BGase were reduced by up to 11, 23 and 62%, respectively, in the different water layers. Incubation experiments with subsurface waters revealed a strong inhibition of all measured enzymatic activities upon HO amendments in the range of 10-500 nM after 24 h. HO additions also reduced prokaryotic heterotrophic production by 36-100% compared to the rapid increases in production rates occurring in the unamended controls. Our results indicate that oxidative stress caused by HO affects prokaryotic growth and hydrolysis of specific components of the organic matter pool. Thus, we suggest that oxidative stress may have important consequences on marine carbon and energy fluxes.

Organisation(s)
Functional and Evolutionary Ecology
External organisation(s)
Linnaeus University, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research
Journal
PLoS ONE
Volume
8
No. of pages
8
ISSN
1932-6203
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0061051
Publication date
04-2013
Peer reviewed
Yes
Austrian Fields of Science 2012
106026 Ecosystem research, 106022 Microbiology
Portal url
https://ucris.univie.ac.at/portal/en/publications/major-effect-of-hydrogen-peroxide-on-bacterioplankton-metabolism-in-the-northeast-atlantic(f6876b53-fcad-4453-be0b-8d7c7d62ec76).html